There is much more to making a rug than you think. The process in making a beautiful oriental rug that is going to last you a life time and passed down from generation to generation is impeccable.
Every rug has its history and unique story as to how it was made and who it previously belonged to. Many antique rugs are hand made with natural wool and organic dyes. When you look closely at an oriental carpet you see how each knot was individually knotted because every knot is slightly different.
What many don’t know when buying a rug is the true process it took to create such a beautiful master piece.
What are Rugs Made Out Of !
Rugs can be made from a wide variety of material but the main product to making an oriental rug is from Sheep Wool, Aplaca wool or Silk. The process of making the yarn itself is quite interesting.
Making Wool Into Yarn
First the sheep’s get sheered by a professional sheerer then the wool gets sent in large bundles to a different location where the wool will be hand separated by experts with an eye for color coordination. For instance, separating the white, blacks, and brown wool in different piles. Once the wool has been separated the next step is to begin carded wool to make it light and airy for it to be spun on the wheel and make into yarn.
Yarn Dyeing Process
Once the wool has been made into yarn the next procedure is to dye it using natural ingredients. For example, fruits, plants, and vegetables. The process to boil takes about 20 to 30 minutes to extract the pigment, strain, and then add cold water, cooling the bath down. Enter the wet wool and bring slowly to the boil over 30 to 40 minutes, then simmer for 30 to 40 minutes or until a good colour is reached. Allow to cool. Lastly you wait for it to dry to begin use in making a rug.
Preparing the yarn is quite the process but not as much as actually hand weaving a rug. Depending on the rug it can take months or year to finish a very large rug. an artist draws a design for the rug on a special graph paper. A frame is then prepared by stretching columns of thread, called warps, vertically down the loom. Warps are usually made of cotton. The weaver then weaves the yarn knot-by-knot on the loom using a knotting method, such as Turkish knot, Persian knot and Tibetan knot.
Once the rug is finished it is sent out for a final rug wash, then sent out to its final destination.
Simultaneous with the ascending pattern of the northern Caucasus, which seems to have reached its climax at the beginning of the eighteenth century. The Finest wool and the finest weave were used in the rigidly styled floral patterning light blue, white and green with the bade of splendid light yellow, all on a brilliant red ground. In the white border we find “S” motifs alternating with angular leaf pattern. The accompanying border is in the usual trefoil design. An extract dating of this piece is very difficult. Taking all aspect into account, it was probably woven around the begging of the eighteenth century, at the latest but it was equally possible that the rug belongs tot he rare pieces which have been preserved from the seventeenth century. 17th-18th Century Caucasian Rug.
17th-18th Century Caucasian Rug get their name from the area in which they were made – the Caucasus. The Caucasus is a region that produces distinctive rugs since the end of the 18th century and the antique Caucasian rugs are primarily produced as village pieces rather than the fine and intricate city productions. Caucasian rugs are best known for featuring bold geometric and tribal designs in primary colors.
Come and see hundreds of fine rugs at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center or give us a call today at (805) 962-2166
Antique Bijar Rugs is a town in Persian Kurdistan located in north-west Persia. The Bijar name is also used to describe the antique rugs that were produced in the many villages in the surrounding vicinity. The Bijar is noted as being the stiffest carpet made; they are very heavy in relation to their size, and very thick and durable. All of the knots are symmetrical and the rows are beaten down during the weaving process producing a dense compact fabric. Given their thickness and construction Bijar rugs can be difficult to fold. The many designs depict the Kurdish influence of the area and often floral and classical geometric motifs are employed as well as the use of large, whimsical medallion designs. The color palate is rich and jewel toned making the Bijar a highly desirable rug sought after by designers.
Bijar rugs, produced in Northwest Iran are among the finest of Persian rugs by virtue of their design and technique. They cannot be identified readily by their patterns, for their repertoire is quite rich and varied. They are distinguished by primarily by their weave, which is perhaps the densest and most durable of all oriental rugs. Bijar carpets were produced in a classical medallion format as well as in allover designs and pictorial or garden patterns. The quality of their wool is lustrous and soft, the drawing at times classically precise or wildly tribal. Some are attributable to Kurdish weavers living in the Bijar region.
Known for producing some of the most important Persian rugs, Bijar weavers have perfected a style of rug weaving that results in what are called “Iron Rugs.” Bidder weavers are also responsible for the so-called “Man’s Rug.”
The city of Bijar is located in the province of Kurdistan in the heart of Northwest Iran. Bijar lies between the city of Senneh or Sanandaj to the south and the legendary weaving center of Tabriz to the north. Kurdish tribes have traditionally been the region’s endemic people. However, the Afshari tribe also produced many Bijar’s workshop rugs using patterns borrowed from Heriz, Tabriz and other great weaving centers of Northwest Persia.
Geography plays a tremendous role in the history of the production of antique rugs from Bidjar. Although the Kurdish tribes have always been a dominant group in the region, they are one of the few cultures in the world who have never had their own country. Bijar’s carpet weaving traditions were formed through a combination of cultural isolation and assimilation that is evidenced in the diverse range of designs used in the region as well as the continued use of natural dyes throughout the 1920s when many other regions adopted modern methods. The rugs of Bijar encompass a broad range of styles and patterns that makes them difficult to define or distinguish from other regions.
Although Bijar was first mentioned in the 1500’s when the region was annexed with Armenia by Safavid forces, archeological evidence of domestic technology and weaving implements dating back approximately 10,000 years has been found throughout Kurdistan.
Situated in a corridor between the border of Persia, Anatolia and the Caucasus, Bijar has been at the mercy of invading cultures for thousands of years. Military invasions from Russia and Europe have influenced Kurdish culture as early as 500 BC when Cyrus the Great launched a large-scale incursion into the region. The turmoil across Northwest Persia and neighboring countries continued through the 1800s with ongoing fighting related to the Russo-Turkish War.
Over the centuries, Kurdish influence has waxed and waned as neighboring empires were distracted with their own wars. At the height of Kurdish power, the group claimed parts of neighboring Turkey and Azerbaijan. However, the Kurdish people had almost always been a subordinate tribal group that was part of a larger empire. The city’s untimely establishment on the world’s maps coincided with the re-establishment of shipping ports and the gradual decline of the Silk Road. This shift changed the course of events in Bidjar and allowed the city to maintain its weaving traditions into the early 20th century.
Influences from Persia, Russia and the Caucasus can be seen in Bijar’s diverse rugs, which include European roses, curvilinear arabesques, inset-lozenges featuring intricate Herati and Mina-Khani patterns, and Serapi-style medallions set on a stark background. The designs used on Bijar rugs often include sophisticated patterns with small details that highlight their origin in the village workshops of tribal weavers.
Examples of weavings from Bidjar include small-format rugs as well as long corridor carpets. However, large-format pieces are relatively rare. Rugs from Bidjar are known for their durable construction and strong, raised pile. Weavers in Bidjar used double weft or double knot construction along with a number of implements to create an extremely firm pile using the symmetric Turkish or Ghiordes knot.
A small number of Bijar rugs were also produced using the asymmetric Persian knot along with traditional curvilinear patterns from Persia. Goat hair is another fiber that is occasionally seen in rugs from the region. Weavers in Bijar used a unique combination of yarns for the weft to create the signature look and feel of the firm pile. First, a dampened shoot of thick weft is inserted and tamped down with tools to secure the knots. The weaver follows this with a second shoot of finer yarn to secure the entire row in place. Wool is the most common foundation found in antique Bijar rugs. However, cotton was also used. Many of the oldest Bijar rugs are extremely coarse and incapable of being folded while later pieces and rugs produced in the neighboring village of Halvai tend to be thinner and finer.
Rugs signed by the legendary master weaver Tajhavi (Taghavi) are among the finest and most prized carpets from the Kurdistan province displaying impeccable workmanship. Bijar is a small city in a sparsely populated province with a rich carpet weaving tradition. The resulting pieces are as diverse as the groups who first created them and their varied designs make antique Bijar rugs equally fitting for traditional and modern interiors.
History of Antique Bijar Rugs
Bijar is a town in Persian Kurdistan located in north-west Persia. The Bijar name is also used to describe rugs produced in the many villages in the surrounding vicinity. The Bijar is noted as being the stiffest carpet made; they are very heavy in relation to their size, and very thick and durable. All of the knots are symmetrical and the rows are beaten down during the weaving process producing a dense compact fabric. Given their thickness and construction Bijar rugs can be difficult to fold. The many designs depict the Kurdish influence of the area and often floral and classical geometric motifs are employed as well as the use of large, whimsical medallion designs. The color palate is rich and jewel toned making the Bijar a highly desirable rug sought after by designers.
Qashqai rugs are woven using large amounts of very bold shades of red. Providing a perfect complement to the prominent red are classic yellow and indigo blue. Qashqai rugs usually have different shapes and patterns, for example animal and bird drawings used both as part of the repeat patterns and as filler ornaments.
Qashqai rugs are named after the tribe in Persia who weave them. These rugs represent the talented weaving styles of the tribe. Combining unique details and texture with traditional family motifs, the rugs are heavily ornamented. They often feature geometric patterns and highly developed floral designs. The Qashqai rug colors incude red, saffron yellow and navy.
Qashqai rugs have several different types of medallion layouts and this is because of the different origins of the weavers who learn the different layouts from their families. The Qashqai rugs are woven by Qashgai tribe women, who came from different ethnic backgrounds including Turkoman, Arabs, Lurs and Kurds. Irrespective of their ethnic or cultural background, these weavers all descended from several generations of skilled weavers who passed their tradition down to their descendants.
In some layouts, the medallions appear shaped as hexagons or regular diamonds. Sometimes they appear as 3 diamonds that are vertically connected. Another common patterns is to have 4 hooks surrounding a small sized diamond or square shaped feature inside the medallion. Sometimes, this square or diamond surrounded by hooks appears in the rug as an all-over pattern.
Kerman Rugs – Since the seventeenth century, Kerman has been a major center for the production of high quality carpets. The so called Vase Carpets of the Safavid period are among the greatest masterpieces of Persian weaving. When Persian rug production moved into high gear in the later nineteenth century, Kerman once again emerged as a producer of the finest carpets in the best Persian tradition.
Kerman carpets of this period, particularly the Lavar type, are known for the fineness of their weave and for their elegantly drawn designs of classical derivation, both in allover and central medallion formats. The palettes of Kerman rugs are extremely varied and it ranges from examples which emphasize ivory, blue, and magenta rug tones to those with a more golden, saffron cast.
Kerman is a city and as well as a province in south central Iran. With its 60,000 inhabitants and surrounding villages, it is one of the major rug producing areas of Iran. Unlike other parts of Persia, Kerman existed with relatively no interference from invasions, mostly due to its provincial isolation. As a result, the arts in Kerman flourished. Antique Kerman rugs are easily recognizable with curvilinear graceful floral designs in a brilliant assortment of colors.
Dye’s For Kerman rugs
The dyes of Kerman are the most varied and imaginative. The dying process is done while the wool is still in the flock, before spinning, allowing for more uniformity of color. The dyers of Kerman are renowned for their skill in producing light shades of color. Kerman is also noted for its distinctive late 16th century to mid-17th century carpets called ‘vase carpets’. This term refers to a design of all-over stylized flowers and oversized palmettes with vases placed at intervals throughout the field. Kermans are woven in all rug sizes and the foundation is often cotton. To the north of Kerman is the village of Ravar where Laver Kerman rugs are made. These rugs are rarer than Kermans and the name is used as a distinction of quality.
Among all Persian rugs, none may be argued to be more elegant and refined as those produced in the city of Kerman. Kerman rugs often feature traditional Persian reds and blues or variations thereof and are nearly always floral and curvilinear in design. The fineness and quality antique rugs of Kerman weaves in combination with their traditional Persian floral designs make them ideal for those wishing to add grace and grandeur to the formal spaces of their home.
According to renowned rug Scholar Ulrich Schurmann the earliest known existing rug, known as the Pazyryk, circa 500 B.C., was in all probability woven by ancestors of the Armenians, the Urartuans (the people of Ararat).Armenians are the earliest known weavers of oriental rugs. Ulrich Schurmann, a reknowned expert on oriental rugs, believes that the Pazyryk rug, the world’s oldest known rug (5th cent. B.C.), can be attributed to the late Urartians, or early Armenians, based on the rug’s structure, design, and motifs.
Hand woven in southern Caucasus by communities of women, Kazak rugs have long been associated with status and luxury. Marco Polo and Herodotus are among the many observers and historians who recognized the beauty of Armenian rugs. They noted the rugs’ vivid red color which was derived from a dye made from an insect called “ordan” (Arabic “kirmiz”), found in the Mount Ararat valley. The Armenian city of Artashat was famous for its “ordan” dye and was referred to as “the city of the color red” by the Arab historian Yaqut.
This rug is in “Mint condition” – wool on wool and natural dyes.
4’5” x 8’6”
Contrasting colors of ivory, reds, and blue, with patterned medallions in centerpiece and a dragon border gives this rug a classic, iconic look.
Moroccan Rugs are a perfect example of how to bring a multicultural style to your home because they give color, vibrance and warmth to any room. You can add a Moroccan rug to any style – works amazingly with other vintage accents and furnishings, making a great contemporary living room. A contemporary living room can be uplifted and shine from it’s rug and wall art.
And size does matter when you are trying to make a statement! When thinking about a good an acceptable size for your rugs, you can go big. Having a rug that almost covers the floor is a great contemporary interior design statement.
The most popular Moroccan rugs are the designs from the Beni Ourain tribes, there are 17 Berber tribes from the Atlas Mountains. Their rugs have distinctive designs, which range from ordered geometric shapes and expressive patterns. They almost always are in a neutral palette (usually they have an ivory background with brown or black geometric lines), and they have a shaggy pile. These rugs were never intended to be decorative objects, the rugs were originally woven for practical purposes: It is cold in the mountains, so they were used for blankets, shawls and bed covers.
Traditional Beni Ourain tribal designs were woven from memory, not patterns, so they have an appealing “quirkiness.” and it’s their quirkiness that makes these rugs appealing to interior designers. It’s the idiosyncratic patterns that gives more traditional rooms a much-needed shot of modernity.
Come by and see, feel and touch our collection of Moroccan Rugs!
This Rare Soumakh Antique Bag is a woven masterpiece. This construction technique produces a flat-weave rug that is thick, strong and exceptionally durable. Unlike Kilims, Soumak rugs are not reversible because non-clipped yarns are left on the back. However, they are also stronger than kilims. It’s finely handspun in the Kuba region of the Caucasus mountains, between the Black and Caspian seas. In characteristic hues of the region, are bold geometric gels and ketebes that lie in two columns with red background. Opposite side reveals thick stripes of navy and faded red.
The word kilim is of Turkish origin and refers to a pile-less textile. Kilims are Flatwoven Rugs the weaving process is one of several flat-weaving techniques that have a common or closely related heritage and are practiced in the geographical area that includes parts of Turkey, North Africa, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia and China. Though kilim rugs are known as Oriental Rugs the practice of kilims are a class of their own.
Kilim designs are made by interweaving the variously colored wefts and warps as you can see above, which create what is known as a flat-weave. Weavers pack the weft tightly to completely cover the warp and often favor diagonal patterns so as to avoid weakening the structure of the rug with vertical slits. This is also why kilims are so closely associated with geometrical designs even though there are are kilims with floral designs as well.
Rugs and More have the largest selection of rugs on the Central Coast. We have over thousands of rugs to choose from – stop in today and see our selection of premium rugs and more located at the Santa Barbara Design Center.
Come and see hundreds of fine Kilim rugs at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center
Our “Handmade Patchwork Rugs” began as a vision to salvage handcrafted, vintage Turkish carpets by weaving these rugs square by square to capture a unique patchwork design that shows off the power of your choice of color and collage of your textures and patterns. We only use the finest yarn dye for vibrant and long lasting color. Each rug is custom size, color and texture making them uniquely one-of-a-kind.
We weave these rugs square by square to achieve the unique patchwork design. Its random shearing makes each rug unique.
We only use the finest yarn dye for vibrant & long lasting color. They are produced from authentic antique Turkish rugs.
Visit us today and see the vibrant colors and patterns that can grace your floor.
Come and see hundreds of fine Handmade Patchwork rugs at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center or give us a call today at (805) 962-2166
This San Ysidro Usak Rug Collection is perfectly at home in California. The rugs from this collection have been used extensively in high end homes, institutions, hotels and country clubs throughout California, because they have been created to match Spanish colonial and Tuscan architecture of the coastal region and specifically Santa Barbara, Ventura, and San Luis Obispo Counties. This Ziegler & Co Oushak collection at its best has been used in the San Ysidro Resort. In coastal, temperate regions the moderate climate allows for interior design that blurs the lines between home interiors and the outdoors. This collection of rugs is specifically designed to fit the Mediterranean style home. Patterns inspired by nature and color schemes that enhance the natural light of a room compliment Mediterranean interiors perfectly.
Ghazni wool is sheered from Sheep that live in high altitude, frigid climates. This environment promotes a fleece that is dense, durable, very straight, and high in lanolin. the lanolin content improves resistance to water, moisture and stains. Ghazni wool is preferred in authentic oriental rug manufacture. This wool gives the rug a unique silky softness not found with other materials.
Over the decades custom designs and color pallets have been commissioned to fit the needs of our design partners. The San Ysidro has evolved from the desires and requests of the top interior designers in the world.
The San Ysidro Collection was inspired by the San Ysidro , which was voted the #1 hotel in America by Forbes magazine! The hotel is located in Santa Barbara nestled at the foothills of our local mountains in Montecito!
Rugs & More is the exclusive provider of authentic rugs for the finest establishments in the world.
See our rugs at the Four Seasons , San Ysidro , Montecito Valley Club and many other locations around the world.
Come and see hundreds of fine rugs from the Ziegler & Co San Ysidro Usak Rug Collection at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center or for more information give us a call at (805) 962-2166
Pakistan rugs are one of the most popular rug that we carry at Rugs & More. These rugs are mainly hand made in many regions of Pakistan. The different type of rugs from this region are: Bijar, Bukhara, Farahan, Mughal, Sultanabad and Usak.
These are also referred to as Chobis Rugs, and they usually have large geometric floral patterns. The word “chobi” is from the Farsi word “chob” which means wood, which refers to the source of its natural dyes.
These rugs are primarily hand spun by a drop spindle and all are hand-knotted. Their natural dyes are made from a combination of roots, tree bark, nutshells, fruit skins, vegetable skins and dried flowers –there are all hand gathered. Therefore making Chobis the most labor-intensive of all of our tribal carpets.
Chobis are renowned for their rich luster and natural coloring. Their colors range from soft tans and browns to rich coppers, maroons, and sage greens. The natural dyeing techniques have been refined over the years to ensure a natural dye that is resolute, fade-proof and long lasting!
There are over 100 – Senna knots per square inch! And the rugs are hand spun with 4 -7 natural colored dyes. A 9’ x 12’ rugs could be completed in a year – most of the labor that goes into these rugs are from hand spinning the wool and hand-gathering the Chobi!
We would be glad to have you visit us to look at all of our Pakistan rugs.
Scandinavian Rugs – the most well known rugs from Scandinavia is their Rya and Rollakan rugs, (the word “Rya” actually means Rug in Swedish). These are named after a town in southwest Sweden, and Rya Swedish rugs date back to the 16th century. These rugs were initially made from solid colors – Black, Grey, White and Yellow. And later they introduced geometric shapes and floral designs. The rugs were used mainly by nobility as bedding and a display of social standing, and Rya Swedish rugs were often displayed as tapestries and exhibited as family heirlooms.
Vintage Rya Rugs are shaggy, more colorful, and are a development unique to Scandinavia. However, their traditional construction and fine materials set them apart as do the exceptional qualities of the rya sheep and their longer haired wool.
Rollakan rugs are distinctive Scandinavian folk weaving that are flat woven tapestry rugs. The shift towards mid-century modern decors has done wonders for the prices of Scandinavian rugs and they are finally being recognized for the great work of art that they truly are. Scandinavian Rugs can be found in both flat weaves as well as piled carpets.
Scandinavian rugs are great works of art and are appreciated by many designers, collectors and consumers from all over the world. There is a surge in value as well as the massive increase demand for these rugs and it seems to be here to stay – at least for the foreseeable future. So now is the best time to shop for these breathtaking mid-century modern works of textile art.
Stop in today at Rugs & More located in the Santa Barbara Design Center to see, touch and feel some examples or these works of art.
Visit us at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center or give us a call at (805) 962-2166
Proper RUG CARE AND CLEANING of your rug will ensure that the distinctive charm and beauty that it adds to your home or office will last for many years. At Rugs & More located in the Santa Barbara Design Center we offer a white glove service to pick up, clean and deliver your rugs! We specialize in the proper cleaning and maintenance methods for hand made antique rugs, Oriental rugs, and Persian rugs.
Hand woven rugs are not suited for many types of cleaning, even methods often recommended by “professional” rug cleaners. We have witnessed processes involving industrial grade carpet cleaning equipment, using carpet steam cleaners and harsh chemicals. These methods are a recipe for disaster if applied to a hand woven rug. We have seen the unfortunate results produced by these methods, and the damage they can cause. Weave damage, color fading and bleaching, and rips/tears that require repair costing several times that of the cleaning it’s self.
Antique and hand woven rugs require special cleaning methods involving submersion and careful brushing, followed by an air drying process. Rugs & More uses a process that has been tried and tested for hundreds of years. Please, don’t subject your beautiful rug to the roulette game provided by our competitors. We will care for your rug as if it were our own.
Rugs & More is also proud to offer the highest quality repair and restoration services for antique and hand woven rugs on the west coast. We regularly achieve miraculous repair results on everything from priceless antiques to all-purpose floor coverings. If you have a treasured rug in need of some TLC, do not hesitate to use our services, we guarantee you will be pleased with the results.
Come and see hundreds of fine rugs at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center or give us a call today at (805) 962-2166
Rugs & More is pleased to announce the latest arrival of the Flat Handwoven Berber Rug. These Rugs are precious hand woven vintage Area Rugs made from the very finest wool and natural colored dyes. Berber rugs are amongst some of the most prestigious of their kind and, as such, some are incredibly rare. The Berber design is hand knotted from soft mohair and wool. Our authentic Berber tribal rugs are both highly collectible and desirable by interior designers. Please stop by our showroom to see the different tribal designs that we showcase!
Rugs & More provides the West Coast with the most comprehensive collection of new, oriental, and antique rugs. For over three generations, we have been the most trusted and reliable source for rugs and home decor. We offer a Lifetime Full Exchange Policy on all of the carpets we place, along with full appraisals, and Long-term Care Instructions.
Come and see hundreds of fine rugs at Rugs & More in the Santa Barbara Design Center or give us a call today at (805) 962-2166
(sin-kai-ang; shin-jiang). Province of China. The new varieties of Sinkiang rugs are brightly colored with geometric designs, and are also known as Samarkands alter the town used as trading post. Old Samarkands are similar to antique Chinese pieces.
(MEE-las). Town in Turkey. Turkish prayer rug, usually wool, ground color typically terra-cotta mihrab often decorated with flowering tree of life, yellow frequently used as background for main border. Also Milis, Melas.
(soo-mack). Plant used to obtain mauve-blue color; also, a type of flat-woven rug, differing from kelim weaving in that the back is left unfinished so that loose ends of threads are clearly seen. Also sumac, sumack, sumakh.
(bah-LOO-chee). Nomadic tribes of Turkoman, Afghan, and Persian border areas. Baluchi rugs, typically dark blue and rust red with rectilinear designs, often have highly decorated kelim ends. Also Balouchi, Beloutchi.