Caucasian Rugs

The Caucasian rugs get their name from the area in which they were made – the Caucasus. The Caucasus is a region that produces distinctive rugs since the dawn of civilization and in quantities from the 19th Century. The antique Caucasian rugs are primarily produced as village and tribal pieces rather than the fine and intricate city productions. At one time it was assumed that all of the rugs in the Caucasus were woven by “Tribal” or “Nomadic” weavers. That if one bought a Lezgi Star Rug it was woven by a Lezgi weaver. Some even saw Schurmann’s classic Caucasian Carpets as a guide to the tribes of the Caucasus. Then a reversal came and it was suggested that virtually all Caucasian rugs were commercial and the patterns came from Russian Government (first Czarist then Communist) Kustar pattern books. In the 1820s the Czarist Russians divided Transcaucasia into the Russian provinces of Baku, Derbent, Sheki, Karabagh, Shirvan, Talysh, and Kuba. Riad: Caucasus. The Russians divided the region in the manner that was easiest for them to administrate and it did not necessarily follow an ethnographic approach in the division. The Czarist Russians began to solidify their hold as early as 1805 – 1820 but they did not truly control the region for many years. With the capture of the great rebel religious leader Shamyl in 1859 and the end of the rebellion in 1864 did Czarist control truly solidify regional control. In 1865 to eliminate risk of future rebellion the Russians forced 1.2 million Caucasians to move to Turkey. It is strongly suspected that areas such as Ngorno-Karabakh which were historically Muslim were depopulated and then repopulated with Armenians. As Christians, the Armenians had an easier time with the Orthodox Christian Russians.

The word Kazak probably derives from the Russian for Cossack – originally Christian Russian and Ukrainian serfs who fled from feudal landlords, and were known as vicious warriors. The rugs from the Caucasus are primarily made of materials that are (or were) particular to their tribal provinces and some of the styles that are “typical” or better known to the Caucasus region are Shriven, Dagestan, Kuba, Kazak rugs. Most older Caucasian antique tribal carpets are “all wool” – not only the knotted pile, but the warp and weft threads are usually made from hand-spun woolen yarn or goat hair. However, one can sometimes find older antique carpets (and, more frequently, in some newer examples) with cotton warps and wefts. Shriven region Oriental Rugs are noted for their wool wrap threads, but are made with cotton weft threads and selvedges. Caucasian Rugs are probably the most widely collected type of antique rugs. The strongest market for Caucasian rugs has to be Italy who appreciates these rugs for their tribal and primitive designs complimenting the classical architecture and historic buildings. The colors of the best antique (100 years old or greater) Caucasian carpets were produced exclusively from natural materials found in the respective tribal regions, with the deep greens, vibrant yellows, and deep rose tones being the most precious. The distinguishing aspect of the Caucasian carpet is its emphasis on rich and varied color. The number and colors of selvedges often can be an identifier to the area of origin. The designs and colors of antique Caucasian rugs are unique for two reasons: tradition – more deeply rooted in Asia than anywhere else, and the inherent geographic isolation. Visual balance is achieved by contrasting wildly different colors, rather than the more traditional approach of shading similar hues. While Caucasian rugs tend to feature floral designs, their depiction is usually highly stylized, abstract, and geometric. One can see the evolution of tribal rug weaving in the history of antique Caucasian carpets. All the expected motifs are present, including dragons, flowers, birds, crabs, and other animals. In later centuries, a Russian influence became more pronounced. Virtually every Caucasian rug is crafted using the symmetry of the Turkish knot.

Showing 1–30 of 273 results

  • Turkman Caucasian Rugs and more oriental carpet 32637-

    Turkman Caucasian Rug

    The original Turkman rugs were produced by the Turkman tribes who are the main ethnic group in Turkmenistan and are also found in Afghanistan and Iran

    9’1 x 12’2

    #32637
  • Turkman Caucasian Runner rugs and more oriental carpet 32635-

    Turkman Caucasian Runner

    The original Turkman rugs were produced by the Turkman tribes who are the main ethnic group in Turkmenistan and are also found in Afghanistan and Iran

    2’7 x 11’5

    #32635
  • Fine Kazak Rug | Rugs and More | Santa Barbara Design Center

    Fine Kazak Rug

    Fine Kazak Rug is made in the Kazak area and are found to be outstanding and captivating with their fine intricate patterns and glossy wool. The beauty of these carpets are found in their geometrical and creative patterns, often sprinkled with animal designs and curvy vines. The natural colors are always clear and vibrant which makes for sought after reputation.

    3’6×5

    #32575
  • Fine Kazak Rug | Rugs and More | Santa Barbara Design Center

    Fine Kazak Rug

    Fine Kazak Rug is made in the Kazak area and are found to be outstanding and captivating with their fine intricate patterns and glossy wool. The beauty of these carpets are found in their geometrical and creative patterns, often sprinkled with animal designs and curvy vines. The natural colors are always clear and vibrant which makes for sought after reputation.

    3’6×5

    #32557
  • Finest Shirvan Caucasian | Rugs & More | Santa Barbara Design Center 32563

    Finest Shirvan Caucasian

    The administrative district of Shirvan produced many highly decorative antique rugs. Shirvan rugs have a formality along with stylistic complexity that is found in few rugs from the Caucasus. Baku Caucasian rugs from Azerbaijan are known for their luscious softness of hand dyed natural wool.  As well, beautiful intense colors make the geometric patterns on this Antique Caucasian Shirvan Baku Rug come to life. 

    5’10×7’10

    #32563
  • Fine Kazak | Rugs and More | Santa Barbara Design Center 32572

    Fine Kazak

    Antique Fine Kazak rugs with their beautiful vegetable dyes and tribal patterns, are among the most prized and exciting Caucasian rugs. This irrepressibly charming piece has been well loved, and is looking for a forever home!

    6’8×9’2

    #32572
  • Fine Kazak Rug | Rugs and More | Santa Barbara Design Center 32564

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This Fine Kazak Rug is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort; along with their beautiful vegetable dyes and tribal patterns, are among the most prized and exciting Caucasian rugs. This irrepressibly charming piece has been well loved, and is looking for a forever home!

    6'5×9'7

    #32564
  • fine kazak rugs and more oriental carpet ziegler co 32556-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    3’6 x 5

    #32556
  • Fine Kazak Rugs and more oriental carpet ziegler & co 32554-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’8 x 12’7

    #32554
  • Fine Kazak Rugs and more oriental carpet 32553-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’9 x 10’7

    #32553
  • Fine Kazak Rugs and more oriental carpet 32552-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’9 x 8’4

    #32552
  • fine kazak rugs and more oriental carpet ziegler co 32551

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’7 x 11’4

    #32551
  • fine kazak rugs and more oriental carpet ziegler co 32550-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’10 x 8’10

    #32550
  • fine kazak rugs and more oriental carpet ziegler co 32549-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’7 x 10

    #32549
  • fine kazak rugs and more oriental carpet ziegler co 32548-

    Fine Kazak Rug

    This fine Kazak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2’5 x 11’6

    #32548
  • kazak Pak Design Santa Barbara Design Center | Rugs and More | Oriental Carpets 32485

    Kazak Pak

    This is a fascinating Kazak Pak is woven on a wool foundation with natural dyes. Kazak rugs have always been a symbol of luxury, status, warmth and comfort.

    2×3’1

    #32485
  • Shirvan Prayer Rug | Rugs and More | Santa Barbara Design Center

    Shirvan Prayer Rug

    This Shirvan Prayer rug is one of those rare carpets that collectors and rug enthusiasts alike will appreciate. The dimensions are unusual due to it’s almost square shape; unlike most prayer rugs that are typically rectangle. This is woven with a goat hair foundation and spots of camel hair. These rich, bright colors of teal, citrus green and jewel sapphire are surprising and attention absorbing.

    4’2×3’10

    #32419
  • Antique Shirvan rugs and more oriental carpet 31535-

    Antique Shirvan

    This lovely antique Shirvan rug is a stunning example of masterful color and design. There is fascinating repetition in colors that is considered rare and valuable.

    Size:3’9 x 5’4

    #31535
  • antiqueCaucasian Karabagh | Rugs & More | Oriental Carpets

    Antique Caucasian Karabagh

    Caucasian Karabagh are exemplary in their quality and design and are considered amongst the best rugs made in the Caucasus region. This region uses a distinctive weave, a double weft which occurs between every two rows of knots.

    4’3×7

    #32362
  • Antique Khotan Rugs & More Oriental carpets 32175

    Kazak

    Antique Large Scale Kazak rug with their beautiful vegetable dyes and tribal patterns, are among the most prized and exciting Caucasian rugs.

    5×8’8

    #32175
  • Shirvan Rugs & More Oriental Carpets

    Antique Shirvan Kelim

    This bold piece would make a spectacular inclusion to any collection of antique rugs. The colorful design and bold motifs would be stunning as a piece of wall art.

    6×8’11

    #32141
  • Antique Shirvan Kelim Rugs & More Oriental Carpets

    Antique Shirvan

    This beautiful antique Shirvan kilim is a stunning example of the masterful use of color and design seen in the finest Shirvans.

    6×10’8

    #32140
  • Kelim Rugs& More Oriental Carpets 32116

    Vintage Karabagh Kilim

    Vintage Karabagh Kilim are normally very colorful and bright with tribal designs and botteh shapes scattered across the face. Karabag rugs are generally produced in the Eastern Anatolia Region.

    4’6×8

     

    #32116
  • Caucasian Antique Rugs and More

    Caucasian Antique

    Finest reverse Soumak with fantastic colors and design. Woven Circa 1870. Authentic handmade in the Caucasus.

    1’10×2

    #31840
  • Antique Gendje rug Santa Barbara Design Center

    Antique Gendje Rug

    Antique Gendje rugs like this one, were frequently made in a long narrow layout. The polychrome octagon borders and the diamond-shaped medallion are distinctive features of Gendje weaving. This piece of art draws you in with an impressive sense of dynamic harmony and movement.

    3’11x 6’6

    #31685
  • Lesghi Star Kuba Rug

    Lesghi Star Kuba Rug

    Lesghi Star Kuba Rug were considered the best rugs of the Caucasus in their heyday. Antique Kuba Rug include famous chi-chi prayer rugs, large-scale blossom patterns and richly colored rugs decorated with a series of radiant medallions. This Antique Kuba East Caucasian Rug is beautifully and richly colored, and they combine cryptic Caucasian symbols with exceptionally decorative motifs.

    3’7 x 4’6

    #31562
  • Caucasian Rug rugs and more oriental carpet 30019-

    Caucasian Rug

    Caucasian Rug were produced by the Turkoman tribes who are the main ethnic group in Turkmenistan and are also found in Afghanistan and Iran

    size: 2’8 x 4’8

    #30019
  • Vintage Caucasian Prayer Rug rugs and more oriental carpet 31552-

    Vintage Caucasian Prayer Rug

    Vintage Caucasian Prayer Rug is best known for featuring bold geometric and tribal designs in primary colors. Hand spun of natural wool and organic dyes to bring out the deep reds into this rug

    Size: 3 x 5’5

    #31552
  • Vintage Kazak rugs and more oriental carpet 31522-

    Vintage Kazak

    Vintage Kazak rug, with their beautiful vegetable dyes and tribal patterns, are among the most prized and exciting Caucasian rugs.

    size: 4’1 x 5’2

    #31522
  • Caucasian Rug rugs and more oriental carpet 45217-

    Caucasian Rug

    This Fine Caucasian Rug is best known for featuring bold geometric and tribal designs in primary colors. Hand spun of natural wool and organic dyes to bring out the deep reds into this rug

    Size: 5’4 x 7’4

    #45217

Showing 1–30 of 273 results